Project Description

Bone Densitometry (DXA): DXA application has been the single most important advancement in the management of low bone mineral density (BMD) in 30 years. DXA measures the BMD of the hip, spine, or forearm and a specific term, called the “T-Score” can be used to diagnose osteoporosis, and, also predict the risk of fracture. DXA measured over time can be used to determine if a specific treatment for osteoporosis is “working.”

DXA also can be used to determine if a patient has a vertebral compression fracture, 2/3 of which have no pain but if found immediately puts that patient into a very high risk for other fractures throughout the body if untreated. This additional DXA application is called:” Vertebral Fracture Assessment” or VFA.

DXA is painless, and has a very low radiation exposure. Both the United States Prevention Services Task Force as well as The US Surgeon General’s report on the nations “bone health” have set standards of when an individual should have a DXA. These include all postmenopausal women age 65 or over who have no risk factors for osteoporosis; and, will postmenopausal women age 60 years old with 1 or more risk factors for osteoporosis. Most clinical professional societies have expanded the indications for DXA to include younger women or men with specific risk factors for osteoporosis.